Barong and Kris sacred dance

The Barong and Keris dances are sacred and stunning performances that can only be performed in temples. Tells the eternal feud and strife between Barong and Rangda. This story is actually very long but is summarized and packaged into a spectacle that can be understood and digested by ordinary people. Every time there is a big ceremony at the temple, the people in the village usually perform this dance with the aim of dispelling or expelling the dangers of disease or bad luck in the area. This dance is also named Calonarang which is held all night where Hindus believe when this dance is performed then all demons, jinn, spirits that are around the area at night will come because they are invited by Rangda to come. At night, people who watch will not dare to go home while the show is in progress for fear that along the way they might run into the demons, because it is evident at every intersection close to the show that dogs are often heard bark and howling, as if the dogs are believed to be able to see spirits.

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Myth of Rangda :
Rangda is the queen of all demons in Balinese mythology. This creature has a scary face, it is said that it often eats small children / babies but it is a symbol of good strength. Rangda according to its etymology means widow, has existed in Bali since the 14th to 16th centuries AD. Rangda for the meaning of widow is increasingly rarely heard, because it is feared to cause an unpleasant impression considering Rangda's form is scary and scary and identical to people who have evil knowledge. The man who dances Rangda can't just do it with skill or expertise alone, but there is a magical (spiritual) side that also needs to be considered. The main requirement for a dancer is to undergo a magical ratification ceremony, in addition to his expertise in dancing this dance. There are many taboos that must be done for a Rangda dancer. A Rangda dancer, should do a self-cleaning ceremony. Considering that the Rangda dance is a sacred dance, automatically there are many things that must be followed and undo by a dancer. There is no age limit in dancing Rangda, it's just that what needs to be emphasized is that when performing the dance, the dancer must have stability both emotionally and spiritually. The dancer will leave everything to Lord Shiva and carry no immunity talisman. Even though the Rangda dance is not performed at the temple, if there are already offerings made, then sacralization must occur. There is a magical nuance when the dance is performed, one of which is the procession of stabbing a dagger into the dancer's body.

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Myth of Barong :
In Indonesia there are many kinds of barong. Barong bali is believed to be a metamorphosis of all barongs on the island of Java, for example in Ponorogo City which has a barong dance called Reog Ponorogo, by king Airlangga (founder of the Kahuripan Kingdom, who ruled in 1009-1042 with the title of abhiseka Sri Maharaja Rakai Halu Sri Dharmawangsa Airlangga ) when he fled to the island of Bali to save himself. Besides Barong Ponorogo who was brought to Bali, he also brought literature, Javanese script, and Hindu religion. In its development for decades, barong ponorogo which was brought to the island of Bali was changed in shape and story according to the conditions, artistic spirit and creativity of the people in Bali which was intended for religious spiritual activities in temples. The influence and differences that can be obtained on the Balinese barong can be seen in the form of the ponorogo barong when it appears without a peacock crown (Kucingan) and in the Rangda mask which is influenced by the Bujang Ganong mask. As well as groups of people who study supernatural powers in the elderly who have an influence on the behavior of the real activities of young waroks and very powerful old waroks that are currently still awake in Ponorogo City, although these activities are currently closed to certain circles. That way, a Balinese barong appears with various animal heads such as Pigs, Elephants, Dogs and Birds which are the pride of every city in Bali.

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